Eating Disorders Survey
While more than 24 million Americans are diagnosed with an eating disorder, even more obsess over their food in silence. Take this survey to see how your habits compare with others.
Last Modified: 2011-08-25 | Tags »
eating disorders, anorexia, bulimia
With the media stressing the importance of looking thin and perfect, a number of females suffer from anorexia nervosa. Learn more about this disorder here.
Transcript: Is the battle to be thin compromising your health? It may be - Anorexia nervosa has the highest mortality...
Is the battle to be thin compromising your health? It may be - Anorexia nervosa has the highest mortality rate of any psychiatric disorder. While most people think of anorexia as an eating disorder, in actuality, anorexia nervosa is a psychiatric diagnosis - one which describes the eating disorder we commonly call anorexia. Mentally, people with anorexia suffer from body image distortion, which makes them feel perpetually overweight, even when they are actually very thin. Because of this skewed body image, anorexics are continuously focused on attaining a low body weight, often severely limiting their food intake. Anorexics may also exercise excessively, abuse diet pills, or induce themselves to vomit in at attempt to lose weight. Sadly, continuously starving the body can be physically devastating. Over time, anorexics can experience low blood pressure, a slowed heartbeat, stunted growth, a weakened immune system, and tooth and bone decay. If left untreated, anorexia nervosa can lead to death as the body gives in to literal starvation. Some research suggests that people prone to perfectionism, depression, or anxiety may be more likely to suffer from anorexia, but there is no single cause for the disease. While 90% of the people who suffer from anorexia are female, and adolescent girls are the most likely group to be affected, the disorder still affects many different kinds of people. Nonetheless, women who participate in a job or sport that emphasizes body size, such as modeling, gymnastics or ballet, may also be more likely to be anorexic. Regardless of the cause, if you think you or a friend may be suffering from this psychological disorder, willpower alone is not enough to stop it. In fact, it's vital to seek immediate counseling and medical care from a doctor or your college's health center.More »
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Exercise addiction can be defined as an obsession with fitness. Believe it or not, excessive exercise can be harmful. Watch this video to find out more.
Transcript: Exercise is a good thing, right? Well, most of the time but like the old adage says, you CAN get too...
Exercise is a good thing, right? Well, most of the time but like the old adage says, you CAN get too much of a good thing! According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, most adults should exercise about thirty minutes daily. For children, that number doubles, to about sixty minutes of physical activity each day. But for some people-most often females between ages 12 and 19 the recommended amount of exercise is never enough. Hypergymnasia is a condition characterized by a person's compulsive desire to exercise well beyond what is considered normal and healthy. A person with this condition typically has a skewed body image and tries to achieve an impossible goal by exercising in a rigorous manner. Often, hypergymnasia is coupled with anorexia nervosa or bulimia nervosa. Also called "obligatory exercise" and "anorexia athletica," this condition causes sufferers to lose all enjoyment of exercise. Instead, physical activity becomes an obligation that is not to be shirked, even in the face of sickness or injury. If a person with hypergymnasia misses even ONE workout, she is bombarded with feelings of guilt and anxiety. Often, individuals with the condition will abandon social, work, and school commitments in order to exercise. Physical activity becomes SO important, in fact, that sufferers define self-worth and success in terms of performance. It's not uncommon for compulsive exercisers to also struggle with very poor body image. In addition, excessive exercise can damage muscles, bones, and joints, and when these minor injuries aren't permitted time to heal, long-term damage can result. Even more disturbing, too much activity places stress on the heart, particularly when an eating disorder is ALSO present. In extreme cases, this can lead to cardiac arrest. Females are PARTICULARLY at risk for physical problems, as anorexia athletica can disrupt the hormone levels in their bodies. This can lead to premature bone loss as well as the cessation of their menstrual periods. While this is upsetting, people with hypergymnasia CAN and DO improve with treatment. Psychotherapy can help patients establish a healthier relationship with both exercise AND eating. In fact, an estimated 80-percent of those treated for anorexia athletica experience vast improvements or complete recoveries. If you, or someone you love, show signs of hypergymnasia, don't stay silent! Make an appointment with a mental health professional immediately!More »
Last Modified: 2013-10-01 | Tags »
anorexia athletica, exercise addiction, gym rats, compulsive disorders, hypergymnasia, body image, body issues exercise, fitness, workout, physical activity, body size, weight, weight problems, body building, lifting mental, mental health, mental illness, mental condition
Eating disorders affect more than your weight. They can impact your oral health, too. Learn more about eating disorders & your teeth in this video.
Transcript: With our image-driven culture, it's no surprise that MORE THAN 8 million Americans have an eating disorder....
With our image-driven culture, it's no surprise that MORE THAN 8 million Americans have an eating disorder. But it MAY be surprising to know that while they're fussing over their figures, they couldn't care LESS about their teeth.For example, the eating disorder BULIMIA, where you binge eat and then purge - or vomit -- minutes later, is the MOST damaging to your oral health. It's common for bulimics to purge up to FOUR times a day, coating their teeth with gastric acid every time. This acid slowly eats away at the enamel AND underlying dentin causing tooth rot, AND burns into the gums, causing gum recession and PAINFUL sores. With the gum tissue receding, the act of purging - which uses the fingers - can also push the teeth out of alignment.And THAT'S just bulimia's effect on the TEETH and GUMS. The TONGUE can also develop sores, dulling the sense of taste, while the mouth lining can get cut from fingers and other objects used to induce vomiting. Also, the SALIVARY glands can become irritated and misfunction, causing dry mouth.Bulimia isn't the only eating disorder to cause oral damage. The self-starvation of anorexia can ALSO put oral health at risk. Since anorexics starve themselves to lose weight, they ALSO starve their bodies of vital nutrients, INCLUDING those needed for healthy teeth and gums. When your body LACKS vital nutrients it CAN'T fight off infections, such as gum disease, which can lead to gum recession and tooth loss.In most cases, the damage caused by eating disorders is IRREVERSIBLE and could require extensive and expensive dental procedures to address - which MAY NOT be covered by insurance companies. Eating disorders have serious long-term health effects -- if you have an eating disorder, speaking to a doctor sooner rather than later could PREVENT doing serious damage to your oral - and overall - health. Seek help. And for more oral care advice, check out other videos in this series.More »
Last Modified: 2012-11-17 | Tags »
eating disorder, bulimia, anorexia, vomit, decay, rot, enamel, enamel erosion, shifting, gastric acid, burns, painful, mouth sores, starvation, infection, gum tissue, purging, tongue sores, salivary gland malfunction, dry mouth oral care, teeth, gums, hygiene, dental, tips, cause, treatment, prevention, Oral problems, oral damage, gum disease Oral health, dental hygiene, dental health Mary Kate Olsen
Eating disorders like anorexia and bulimia are no minor matter. If you or a friend is suffering from a disorder like these, then therapy, rehab, or an eating disorder clinic may be a life-saving step.
Transcript: Nearly a quarter of college students struggle with an eating disorder. What should you do if a friend...
Nearly a quarter of college students struggle with an eating disorder. What should you do if a friend is among them? Approaching a friend about his or her eating disorder is never an easy thing to do and you should expect a fairly negative reaction. It's important not to take this personally: Just as you see your friend's habits as destructive, she sees them as the only way of controlling her world. When you sit down to talk, start by telling your friend how much you care about her. Using "I" statements, like "I saw this," offer a few examples of behavior that you find worrisome. It's important not to put her on the defensive by using "you" comments like, "You always do this." Offer resources where she can get help, such as your local campus health center or online support groups. Make it clear that your friend cannot cure herself, and that you cannot cure her either. But do offer her support as she gets the professional assistance that she needs. In the end, your friend is an adult and has the right to refuse treatment. But knowing that you made an effort to help her will help you, too.More »
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Millions of people suffer from eating disorders. While anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa are the 2 most common, there are several other types. Get help with fully understanding eating disorders-- watch this video.
Transcript: Eleven million Americans are struggling with an eating disorder, and you may be surprised how many of...
Eleven million Americans are struggling with an eating disorder, and you may be surprised how many of them do not have anorexia or bulimia. Currently, the American Psychiatric Association recognizes two distinct eating disorder types: anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. People with anorexia experience a warped view of body size, and an extreme fear of weight gain. Usually, anorexics attempt to control their weight by severely limiting food intake or compulsively exercising. People with bulimia, meanwhile, engage in frequent bouts of overeating, or binging, which are then followed by vomiting or laxative abuse, known as purging While these have distinct diagnostic criteria, some individuals experience eating disorder feelings and behaviors that are not so clean cut. EDNOS is an umbrella term that stands for "eating disorder not otherwise specified." And it is now speculated that EDNOS may account for more eating disorders than bulimia and anorexia combined! And while many people have symptoms of bulimia or anorexia, they may vary enough to be classified as EDNOS instead. For example, most people with anorexia stop menstruating and fall well below their healthy weight range. A person with EDNOS may experience all the signs of anorexia, but still menstruate regularly, or may experience tremendous weight loss, but still fall within the normal range for their height and age. Meanwhile, most people with bulimia binge and purge more than twice a week. So an individual who engages in these behaviors less frequently may also be diagnosed with EDNOS, instead of bulimia. And there are other eating disorders WITHIN the EDNOS category that don't mimic anorexia or bulimia at all. Binge eating disorder, which involves recurrent food binges, without the purging of bulimia, falls within the EDNOS category. So, too, does regular chewing and spitting, and the newly identified "night eating syndrome," which involves consuming more than half of one's calories after 8 PM. Unfortunately, the "not otherwise specified" label may suggest that these eating disorders aren't as important or serious as bulimia or anorexia. But this is not true! All eating disorders present serious emotional and physical ramifications. In fact, this group of conditions has the highest mortality rate of any psychological illnesses. The good news is that nutritional and psychological counseling can be very effective at treating EDNOS. For this reason, it's vital to get help if you or someone you love suffers from symptoms of disordered eating.More »
Last Modified: 2013-06-07 | Tags »
eating disorders, eating disorders treatment, about eating disorders, eating disorder statistics anorexia symptoms, bulima symptoms, binge eating, ednos, weight loss, healthy eating, body image, self esteem, body dysmorphic, disordered eating mental, mental health, mental illness, mental condition, therapist, counseling, psychologist, psychiatrist, nutrition, food, vitamins
What do you see when you look in the mirror? If you hate what you see, you may have an unhealthy body image - even if you are actually at a healthy weight! Learn more about body dysmorphic disorder.
Transcript: During college, more than half of students - both female and male - worry about their body more compulsively...
During college, more than half of students - both female and male - worry about their body more compulsively than their classes. Your body image isn't necessarily an accurate reflection of your appearance. It's how you perceive your body, and how you feel about your figure. Body image is often intrinsically linked with what society collectively "decides" is attractive, an ideal that changes at a rapid-fire rate. In the roaring twenties, for example, society idealized women who had svelte, almost boyish figures. Meanwhile, the post-war 50s ushered in a curvy physique as the female ideal. Today, thin is in, and the typical model is a shocking 23-percent smaller than the average woman. Society's definition of physical perfection is difficult to achieve, and often requires decidedly unhealthy habits to maintain. On the other hand, it is possible for most people to attain a healthy body size, by exercising and maintaining a nutritious diet. As well, the most sustainable way to feel good about yourself is to try to align your healthy body size with your body image, although this is easier said than done. If that's something you find yourself struggling with, call in some backup, whether it is a campus therapist or supportive friend.More »
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Know the signs of anorexia? What about the traits that signal another eating disorder? If you're worried about a friend's body image--and the lengths that she'll go to to look a certain way--watch this to learn the classic signs of eating disorders.
Transcript: According to one study, 20-percent of college-aged women and 1-percent of collegiate men suffer from...
According to one study, 20-percent of college-aged women and 1-percent of collegiate men suffer from an eating disorder. So just how healthy is your relationship with food? Although there are several different types of eating disorder, they all stem from the same basic issue - an unhealthy, unrealistic body image. Your body image is your perception of your appearance, regardless of what the mirror or other people have to say. If you are concerned that you, or a friend, may have an eating disorder, it can be helpful to know some of the common warning signs. For example, an obsession with food-eating way too much, eating scarcely anything, or constantly thinking about eating-is a sign that you may have a problem. Other warning signs include exercising to the point of illness, or using laxatives, diuretics or enemas to lose weight. If you have an eating disorder, you may become secretive about food, only eating in private or hiding what you've eaten. You may also find yourself talking excessively about your weight, exercising, and meals excessively. There also may be some physical signs that you have an eating disorder. As your body starves, you might notic...severe fatigue, constant feelings of coldness, a blueish tinge to your skin, a downy covering of hair on your body, thinning hair, and brittle nails. If you're female, you may also stop getting your period. If you notice any of these very serious symptoms, it's time to get help. Talk to a friend, a parent, or a doctor at your college's health center immediately.More »
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Bulimia nervosa affects up to 4.2 percent of women in the U.S. If you find yourself needing to vomit after you eat, it's time for help. This video offers information, including help with bulimia recovery and more on other eating disorders.
Transcript: Bulimia nervosa is the most common eating disorder seen among college students. Could you be suffering...
Bulimia nervosa is the most common eating disorder seen among college students. Could you be suffering from bulimia? Bulimia is a complicated disorder, and many people who suffer from it are of a normal, or even slightly larger than normal, body size. This psychological disorder is characterized by an obsession with eating a large amount of food at once, often called binging. A binge is different than normal overeating. For example, during a binge, a person might consume an entire cake instead of just an extra piece. After binging, bulimics feel guilt, shame and anger about their actions. As such, they will purge the food from their systems, often by self-induced vomiting. Bulimics may also use excessive exercising, diuretics, laxatives, or enemas in an attempt to lose the weight from a binging session. But bulimia has a profound effect on the body. The acid from vomit can lead to tooth decay, gum disease and loss of tooth enamel in bulimics. Other, even more serious complications can result from repeat binging and purging like osteoporosis, kidney damage, heart damage, and even death. As with anorexia nervosa, people with bulimia may be prone to excessive worry, depression, or perfectionism. Bulimics tend to have an unhealthy body image, but often appear of fairly normal size, despite the disorder.More »
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Body dysmorphic disorder can lead to anorexia and bulimia. Check out this video to know more about this mental disorder.
Transcript: Most of us started 2010 by resolving to lose five pounds or quit smoking. Reality star Heidi Montag...
Most of us started 2010 by resolving to lose five pounds or quit smoking. Reality star Heidi Montag began it by undergoing TEN plastic surgeries. Why? Body dysmorphic disorder, or BDD, is a mental illness in which the affected person is excessively concerned and preoccupied by a perceived defect in his or her physical features. Depending on the individual case, BDD may either be an anxiety disorder or part of an eating disorder or both. BDD ALWAYS includes an excessive fear of judgment by others, as is seen with social anxiety, social phobia and some OCD problems; or alternately may be a part of eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and compulsive overeating. People with BDD usually find one VERY minimal or even NONEXISTENT physical defect to obsess and distress over. The most common areas of concern include skin imperfections, like scars, wrinkles, and acne, lack or excess of body and head hair, dissatisfaction with facial features, particularly the nose or ears, and unhappiness with body weight or muscle tone. Because they believe that their perceived defects make them grotesquely unattractive BDD sufferers often turn to plastic surgery in the hopes of fixing their supposed flaws. This is what many speculate occurred with Heidi Montag, who was quoted as saying she was, "beyond obsessed" with surgery. The condition is ALSO widely believed to be the reason that the late pop star, Michael Jackson, engaged in so much cosmetic work. According to his plastic surgeon, Jackson had plastic surgery, "approximately every two months." But BDD doesn't just affect celebrities-it may affect up to 1 to 2.5 percent of the U.S. population! Although not all sufferers can afford surgery, most develop ritualistic behaviors around their perceived flaw. This often includes picking at the skin, constantly staring in the mirror, and excessive grooming. In fact, most people with body dysmorphic disorder spend between three and eight HOURS obsessing over their perceived flaw daily! Whether they are afraid to speak up in groups, or don't even want to go out in public almost ALL sufferers experience social problems due to their obsessions and fears. This could be why Heidi Montag engages in such tumultuous relationships with ex-friends and her husband, Spencer Pratt. No one knows for sure what causes these symptoms of BDD, but the disorder has a higher occurrence amongst people with other mental health disorders like depression or anxiety. Many people with body dysmorphic disorder report taunting and criticism from parents or peers in childhood. It may be that the constant pressure of his father, Joe Jackson, helped drive young Michael to his condition. But no matter why it occurs, doctors DO agree that BDD is dangerous. In fact, as many as eighty-percent of patients with the condition attest to suicidal thoughts, and almost a QUARTER of them have attempted the act. This IS upsetting, but if a patient can be convinced to get help, treatment can be very effective. Treatment for BDD focuses on psychotherapy, a type of individual counseling designed to help change the thoughts and actions of a sufferer. Although no medication is specifically indicated for BDD, some doctors also prescribe antidepressants to patients. With dedication to their treatment programs, most patients with body dysmorphic disorder can go on to live happy, healthy lives. If you believe that someone you care about is dangerously obsessed with physical appearance, please make an appointment with a mental health professional!More »
Last Modified: 2013-10-01 | Tags »
body dysmorphic disorder, BDD, dysmorphic body disorder, body dysmorphic, dysmorphic body image, body issues, low self esteem, unattractive, imperfection, ugly, looks, plastic surgery mental, mental health, mental illness, mental condition, beauty, facial beauty, scars, wrinkles, acne, body hair, facial features, cosmetic surgery Heidi Montag, Spencer Pratt, Joe Jackson, Michael Jackson
Over 10 million Americans suffer from eating disorders. View this video to learn about the 3 types of eating disorders and how they can affect our bodies.
Transcript: Eating disorders can affect anyone, from tweens in elementary school to celebrity personalities, like...
Eating disorders can affect anyone, from tweens in elementary school to celebrity personalities, like Victoria Beckham and Elton John. According to the National Eating Disorder Association, as MANY as eleven million Americans suffer from some type of eating disorder. Simply put, an eating disorder is a mental illness characterized by an unhealthy obsession with weight and food. Left untreated, these obsessions cause great psychological and physical harm. Generally, eating disorders are broadly grouped into three categories: anorexia, bulimia and EDNOS. ANOREXIA is characterized by an extreme fear of weight gain and a distorted view of one's body size. People with anorexia seek thinness by limiting their food intake, either with excessive dieting or outright fasting. They are usually exceedingly thin, to the point of looking sickly, and are often malnourished, yet still feel as if they look "fat." BULIMIA, meanwhile, is characterized by frequent episodes of serious overeating, or binging, which are followed by purging behaviors meant to compensate for the binge. For example, people with bulimia often force themselves to vomit, and may overuse diuretics and laxatives. Bulimics are less likely than anorexics to be very thin. Instead, they usually maintain a fairly normal weight. The third category of eating disorder, EDNOS, stands for "eating disorders not otherwise specified." EDNOS encompasses all other eating conditions. For instance, a sufferer may experience episodes of binging and purging, but may not do so frequently enough to warrant a diagnosis of bulimia nervosa, or they may suffer from binge-eating disorder. Like bulimia, binge-eating disorder is characterized by intense and recurring food binges. But people with binge-eating disorder do NOT engage in purging. For this reason, they are often overweight or obese. Although society tends to stereotype eating disorder sufferers as adult females, these conditions affect ALL types of people. For example, the National Institute of Mental Health attests that MEN account for 5- to 15-percent of anorexics and up to 35-percent of those with binge-eating disorder. Eating disorders aren't just an adult issue, either. Among children and teenagers, as many as two in 100 suffer from some sort of eating disorder. These figures are particularly scary when you consider the long-term-and often irreversible-effects of eating disorders. Externally, these illnesses can cause hair loss, tooth decay, bloating and, of course, extreme weight loss. And the INTERNAL effects of eating disorders are even more severe. Females with eating disorders are more likely to stop menstruating, and to become infertile. These illnesses can cause heart and circulatory problems ranging from anemia to cardiac arrest, and major organ problems, like painful kidney stones, and potentially deadly pancreas inflammation. A high percentage of people with eating disorders DIE without treatment, according to the National Association of Anorexia Nervosa and Associated Disorders. While this is disheartening, treatment options are both numerous and effective! Many people with these illnesses find relief from ongoing psychotherapy, nutritional counseling, and medical supervision. If you believe that you or someone you care about is suffering from an eating disorder, PLEASE: Make an appointment with a doctor immediately!More »
Last Modified: 2013-06-04 | Tags »
eating disorders, eating disorder, body issues, body image, anorexia, bulimia, EDNOS, anorexia bulimia, anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa weight, weight gain, weight loss, body size, thin, skinny, low self esteem, fasting, signs of anorexia, symptoms of bulimia, malnourished, overeating, binging, purging, diuretics, laxatives mental, mental health, mental illness, mental condition, brittany murphy, karen carpenter
Anorexia is a dangerous eating disorder that leads to extremely low body weight. Learn about anorexia's consequences and anorexia treatment options.
Transcript: When actress Brittany Murphy passed away at the end of 2009, many wondered if her death could have been...
When actress Brittany Murphy passed away at the end of 2009, many wondered if her death could have been prevented had she sought treatment for anorexia. Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder characterized by extremely low body weight, distorted body image and an obsessive fear of gaining weight. People with anorexia severely limit their food intake in the hopes of lowering the number on the scale. Anorexics tend to become dangerously underweight and malnourished. Despite this, individuals with anorexia continuously want to lose MORE weight. Their distorted body image perceptions cause them to believe that they're overweight, DESPITE what the mirror and scale say. Because anorexics essentially starve themselves, the disease becomes more dangerous the longer it continues. Physically, anorexia leads to yellowed skin, bruising, bloating, thinning hair, and tooth decay. In women, the condition often causes the cessation of periods, as well as infertility. Even more alarming, anorexia can lead to kidney stones, or kidney failure as well as heart problems ranging from anemia to cardiac arrest. Without treatment, a high percentage of people with an eating disorder like anorexia will DIE from one of these complications. This is what many speculate happened to Murphy, who was very underweight at the time of her death at 32. This percentage drops when a sufferer seeks treatment! And that's exactly what celebrities like Mary Kate Olsen, Kate Beckinsale, and Victoria Beckham did when anorexia threatened THEIR lives. The first goal of anorexia treatment is to address any serious physical health issues like dehydration, electrolyte imbalance, or heart problems. Then, it's important to get the person back to an appropriate weight. For individuals 25-percent below of their healthy body weight this involves between two to six months of treatment in an inpatient program. For those with non-life threatening anorexia, though, treatment can occur on an outpatient basis. Regardless of WHERE it happens, ongoing treatment for anorexia focuses on three goals: to take control of one's eating habits, to learn emotional self-care and respect, and to develop trust in the people who are trying to help. To achieve these goals, a team of health care professionals will work with a person suffering from anorexia. A dietician will help an individual gain a solid understanding of good nutrition and healthy eating. Generally, the dietician will also develop meal plans that include enough calories to help a sufferer gain weight. Meanwhile, a mental health professional will teach a person with anorexia to treat both food and body image differently. Some therapists do this through COGNITIVE therapy, exploring the unhealthy THOUGHTS underlying the disorder, while others prefer BEHAVIORAL therapy, where goal setting, relaxation exercises, and other healthy BEHAVIORS are taught in place of destructive ones. Family therapy is another method that is ESPECIALLY helpful for teens and children with anorexia. It's important to understand that while there is no medication to treat anorexia explicitly, that antidepressants may be prescribed to patients suffering from clinical depression in addition to their eating disorder. Like Beckinsale, Olsen, and Beckham, many people who receive anorexia treatment make full recoveries, though therapy and medical care may be an ongoing process for a lifetime. Regardless, treatment help ensures that anorexia does not take lives! So, PLEASE see a doctor immediately if you or someone you love is struggling with the disorder.More »
Last Modified: 2013-06-04 | Tags »
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