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If you’ve contracted meningitis, viral or bacterial, it’s possible you may not even know it. But when meningitis symptoms set in, you'll know it. Watch this for a list of common symptoms.
Transcript: If you've contracted meningitis, it's possible you may not even know it. Meningitis - a disease that...
If you've contracted meningitis, it's possible you may not even know it. Meningitis - a disease that causes inflammation of the lining that covers your brain and spinal cord - is often mistaken for a bad case of the flu. However, whether you've contracted viral or, the more serious, bacterial, meningitis, it will likely come with some additional symptoms, including: sudden high fever and chills, stiff neck, nausea and vomiting, severe headache, skin rash, rapid breathing, sensitivity to light, dizziness and confusion, agitation, fatigue, and a lack of appetite. Viral meningitis is the most common form of meningitis in the U.S. While it's usually mild, it can take a couple of weeks to get over. Bacterial meningitis much rarer, but often more serious-20% of people who get it will die and 25 to 50 % will have long term neurological damage. Treatment with antibiotics is most effective if it's immediate and aggressive. To determine if viral or bacterial meningitis is responsible for your symptoms, tests such as blood cultures and a spinal tap are needed. So remember, if you experience any of these symptoms, don't just assume you've just got the flu. Contact your doctor.More »
Last Modified: 2012-12-11 | Tags »
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Since smoking is both a physical and psychological addiction, and it can be difficult to stop. Quiz yourself on the different options smokers have for beating the urge to light up.
Last Modified: 2011-02-11 | Tags »
Birth control pills have advantages beyond preventing unintended pregnancies. Find out about birth control pills and your periods in this video.
Transcript: Since the 1960s, birth control pills have been helping women have sex without worrying about pregnancy....
Since the 1960s, birth control pills have been helping women have sex without worrying about pregnancy. They have the EXTRA advantage, too. They help a woman regulate her period. Most women take combination pills, meaning they contain the hormones estrogen and progestin. Typically, a woman will have a 28 pill pack. She'll take one pill containing hormones each day for 21 days, and then she'll take pills WITHOUT hormones each day for 7 days. During these 7 days she'll have her period. A woman's natural cycle can range from 21 to 35 days long. Birth control pills can regulate it so that a woman can expect her period on the same day each month - no surprises. Some combination pills suppress a woman's period COMPLETELY, or for all but 4 weeks per year. The pack contains inactive pills for only a few weeks per YEAR as opposed to one week per MONTH. If a woman needs to skip just ONE period, she can throw out the inactive pills and take the next month's hormone pills through the 7 days. This is generally considered safe by physicians. As many as ONE THIRD of women who take the combination birth control pill take it not to avoid PREGNANCY, but to TREAT other conditions, such as dysmenorrhea-severe cramps - and menorrhagia, heavy menstrual bleeding. Birth control pills will relieve the pain and LIGHTEN periods because they stop ovulation. Without OVULATION, there are lower levels of some PROSTAGLANDIN hormones that trigger cramps and blood shedding. Combination pills can also treat two other menstrual disorders - POLYCYSTIC ovarian syndrome, or PCOS, and ENDOMETRIOSIS. The pill reduces the amount of male hormones, which are in excess in a woman with PCOS. Women with endometriosis take combination pills to prevent the overgrowth of the endometrium, or the lining of the uterus. Birth control pills do come with drawbacks. They may very slightly increase a woman's risk of breast cancer. The pill also raises the risk of STROKE and BLOOD CLOTS, especially in smokers and women over 40. Many women - such as those with HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE - are NOT good candidates for the pill. Ask your doctor before taking ANY hormonal contraception. Check out other videos in this series to learn more about menstruation and menstrual disorders.More »
Last Modified: 2012-12-27 | Tags »
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You know it's unhealthy, but do you know how many chemicals smokers inhale? Or specifically how smoking impacts your family and friends' health? Knowing more of the hard health truths could help you or a loved one quit -- for good.
Last Modified: 2011-08-23 | Tags »
Staph infection basics, from causes and symptoms to treatment and prevention, it's 'need to know' information. Watch this video to brush up staph infection facts.
Transcript: Here's a fact for you: Staph bacteria are commonly found on the skin and in the nasal passages of healthy...
Here's a fact for you: Staph bacteria are commonly found on the skin and in the nasal passages of healthy folks. But sometimes, because your immune system isn't quite up to fighting them off, or you get a big dose of bacteria through an open cut, you may develop a staph infection. The most common kind of staph infection is on the skin. It triggers infected hair follicles, abscesses, large boils or blisters. These are usually red, tender and can sometimes ooze pus or blood. These abscesses can turn into impetigo, which causes crusty oozing blisters. Or even cellulitis, which causes the skin to swell, turn red and feel hot to the touch. If the bacteria are able to make its way into your bloodstream, it becomes a more serious blood poisoning known as bacteremia or sepsis. Symptoms of sepsis are fever and increased heart and respiratory rate. If sepsis is left untreated, it can lead to septic shock, which can be life threatening. Rarely staph can cause gastrointestinal upset, toxic shock or pneumonia. If you think you have a staph infection, get to your doctor right away for treatment- especially if you have a chronic condition, such as diabetes or lung disease, that can increase your risk of complications. If a blood test confirms you have staph, the affected skin areas may be drained and washed with antibacterial cleanser. Oral antibiotics may also be necessary. Some strains of staph, such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus or MRSA, are resistant to most antibiotics and require aggressive treatment, and possibly hospitalization. Staph bacteria are transmitted from person to person contact or by touching an object handled by an infected person. To reduce your chance infection, wash your hands regularly with soap and water, keep any cuts clean and covered, and avoid sharing items like razors, clothing or towels. For more information on other communicable illnesses, check out the rest of the videos in this series.More »
Last Modified: 2013-08-29 | Tags »
staph infection, rash, blister, boil, skin disease, deadly infection, bacteria, transmission, highly contagious, methicillin, antibiotics, Staphylococcus aureus, MRSA, disinfecting, cellulitis, blood test virus, infection, bacteria, symptoms, cause, treatment, diagnosis, prevention, triggers, complications, immunizations, vaccine, vaccinations, risk factors, at risk, hand washing, personal hygiene communicable disease, illnesses, contagious, disinfecting, disease prevention
ADHD and ADD are learning disorders that affect up to 5 percent of U.S. children, but what does it really mean to have these conditions? What's the difference between attention deficit hyperactive disorder and attention deficitit disorder, anyway?
Transcript: You've heard of the disorder ADHD, commonly diagnosed among children, but you're no child. So why, are...
You've heard of the disorder ADHD, commonly diagnosed among children, but you're no child. So why, are you having such a hard time concentrating in class? The increase in the number of prescriptions doctors write for treating ADHD is staggering. According to the Congressional Testimony of a deputy director of the Drug Enforcement Administration, the number of prescriptions written for ADHD medication has increased by 500% since 1991!. ADHD is a cognitive disorder characterized by impulsiveness, inattention, and hyperactivity, although hyperactivity is a less common symptom among older sufferers. Adults with ADHD have chemical imbalances in certain areas of their brains. Which can make it more difficult to follow directions or to complete work within a specified time period. or to complete work within a specified time limit. They may also experience difficulty concentrating or remembering mundane information. Because these symptoms of ADHD often become more detrimental later in life, as responsibilities grow,... it's not surprising that people with adult ADHD can become anxious, angry, or depressed. ADHD can also affect a sufferer's social life.They are also more likely to turn alcohol or drugs as a feel-good outlet, or as a form of self-medication. For adults to be diagnosed with ADHD, their doctor needs to verify that they displayed symptoms of the disease during childhood. This is because all cases of ADHD begin at an early age, even though they are not always properly identified. If ADHD is diagnosed, the symptoms can usually be controlled with prescription medication. Adults with ADHD may also learn to manage their behavioral symptoms with therapy, relaxation training, or support groups.More »
Last Modified: 2013-07-24 | Tags »
adhd, add, attenttion deficit hyperactivity disorder, attention deficit disorder, learning disability, attention, attention span, hyperactivity, trouble paying attention, trouble focusing, concentration, inability to focus, focus, brain, drugs, studies, the brain, studies, adult adhd, coping with stress, brain chemicals college students, college life, treatment for learning disability college health, mental health, brain function
A good night’s sleep rejuvenates the mind and body. But there's more to Understanding sleep, including crucial cycles such as REM. Watch this to learn more.
Transcript: You spend a third of your life sleeping-or at least you should! So what goes on while you're snuggling...
You spend a third of your life sleeping-or at least you should! So what goes on while you're snuggling under the covers? Most of us think of sleep as "dead time," yet it's actually an active state during which the brain and body regenerate. For this reason, a good night's sleep is essential to a good day's productivity. During sleep, the body repeatedly cycles through four stages of non rapid-eye movement sleep, or NREM, and one stage of rapid-eye movement sleep, or REM. Each of the four stages of NREM sleep can last from 5 to 15 minutes. During Stage 1 of NREM sleep, you can be awakened very easily, and, if you are, you may feel like you haven't slept at all. During this first NREM stage, many people experience a feeling of falling, which can cause a sudden muscle contraction, known as hypnic myoclonia. Often, hypnic myoclonia will cause an abrupt awakening. When the body enters Stage 2 of NREM sleep, the heart rate slows and body temperature drops. Muscles tighten and then relax again as you prepare to enter deep sleep. Stages 3 and 4 of NREM sleep are also known as slow-wave, or delta sleep, although Stage 4 is more intense. If aroused during these stages, you may feel briefly disoriented before awakening fully. During the delta sleep stages of NREM, the body repairs and regenerates energy, builds bone and muscle, and strengthens the immune system. After the body cycles through its first four stages of NREM sleep (generally 90 minutes after sleep onset), it enters its first course of REM sleep. The first period of REM lasts for about 10 minutes. Then, you begin the cycle again, passing through the 4 stages of NREM before re-entering REM sleep. Each subsequent stage of REM lengthens until the last segment, which may last up to an hour. During REM sleep, the eyes move rapidly in different directions, hence the term "rapid-eye movement." Heart rate and respiration also speed up and become erratic. Dreaming only occurs during REM, as a result of the heightened brain activity in this stage. Paradoxically, during this time your muscles are paralyzed. To be properly restored and regenerated, the body must repeatedly cycle through all of these sleep stages, usually for about 7 to 8 hours a night in adults. If you have trouble falling asleep, or can't sleep through the night, if you wake up too early, or if you are tired during the day, you may have a sleep disorder. Common sleep disorders include standard insomnia, sleep apnea, narcolepsy, restless leg syndrome, nightmares and sleepwalking. Because the body needs sleep to properly restore and repair itself, it's vital to get your uninterrupted eight hours. If you're not sleeping as you should, please see your doctor. Always remember to remove yourMore »
Last Modified: 2013-11-22 | Tags »
sleep, understanding sleep, NREM, REM, rapid eye movement, fall asleep, how does sleep working, brain function, brain function during sleep, hypnic myoclonia, sleep disturbances, stages of sleep, muscle contractions during sleep narcolepsy, sleeping pills, sleeping trouble, fatigue, dreaming, dreams, can t sleep, diet, treatments, sleeping trouble conditions, sleep, brain
Acne isn't supposed to follow you to college but some people can't find a way to get rid of those pimples, even with great skin care. If you're trying to understand why your skin hasn't cleared up or looking for acne treatment
Transcript: They've pestered you as long as you can remember, but you thought they'd go away when you went to college....
They've pestered you as long as you can remember, but you thought they'd go away when you went to college. No, we're not talking parents-we're talking pimples! While it's true that acne is more prevalent during teenage years, early adulthood doesn't always give you a get out of acne free card. Here's why: As a teen, your body makes extra androgens, which are sometimes called male hormones. But don't let the name fool you: both men's and women's bodies produce androgens, just in differing amounts. In fact, androgens are key to more than 200 functions in women's bodies! Thing is, increased androgens can ALSO lead to pimples!As you finish developing, androgens, and therefore pimple production, slow down. Not all students are fully developed upon going away to college, which can account for some cases of college acne. And since androgen production increases during a woman's period, it makes sense that more college women than men deal with acne. Plus, a recent Stanford University study showed that acne worsens during times of serious stress-like that final exam. While it's a bummer, pimple production does slow down significantly by the time you hit your twenties. And only some adults over thirty deal with recurrent acne issues. If you're not willing to wait it out, your adulthood treatment options go even further than the pharmacy's over-the-counter aisle. Moderate acne may require prescription antibiotics in pill or cream form, like Cleocin or BenzaClin. These are designed to kill acne-causing bacteria and reduce inflammation. Very severe acne may need a doctor's touch, either with drainage of pimples, or surgery to remove them. You have options, so there's no need to live with persistent acne. Talk to a doctor at your college's health center about your best treatment choice.More »
Last Modified: 2013-03-14 | Tags »
acne scar, acne treatment, skin care, blackhead, pimples in adults, pimples, acne treatments, skin care products, skin medication, skin conditions, pores, oily skin, skin comedones, adult acne, scar, acne prevention, skin cleanser, skin moisturizer, exfoliating college students, grooming, hygiene college health, skin health beauty, appearance
Excess weight might be the culprit behind sleep deprivation. Outsmart insomnia by eating healthy and losing weight. Watch this to learn more.
Transcript: Two in three Americans regularly have trouble sleeping! But forget counting sheep-you can combat insomnia...
Two in three Americans regularly have trouble sleeping! But forget counting sheep-you can combat insomnia with these simple diet and exercise tips. Diet and nutrition can play a vital role in helping you get a good night's sleep. But before you can put these tools to work for you, it helps to know what might be causing your insomnia. A. Insomnia is a general word that describes difficulty sleeping. B. This umbrella term includes people who have a hard time falling asleep, those who wake up periodically during the night, C. and people who awaken earlier than they would like to in the morning. Most people experience insomnia at some point, but when it persists for over a month, it is known as chronic insomnia, and considered slightly more serious. The foods you eat can help with insomnia. In the evening, try consuming foods that are high in tryptophan, a chemical that encourages sleep. Great sources include bananas, figs, grapefruit, dates, tuna, turkey, yogurt and milk. Another great aid for insomniacs is consuming the hormone melatonin, a natural sleep-enhancer. Melatonin is found in foods like oats, bananas and rice. It is also available in a supplement form. It is important to avoid stimulants like caffeine and cigarettes during the three hours before bedtime. A. Insomnias should also bypass alcohol before bed. Although spirits are technically classified as depressants, B. they can interfere with deep, restful REM sleep later in the night. A. People who have a hard time falling asleep may want to consider cutting back B. on foods like chocolate, sugar, C. cheese and potatoes. D. These neuro-stimulants contain tyrosine, which increases alertness. There are also some simple exercises which may be able to help you sleep. Because the leg muscles are the largest, they store more tension than any other body part. Doing leg stretches before bed can release tension, allowing for sounder sleep. Using a wall for support, raise your right leg behind you and grab your foot with your left hand. Pull your heel up toward your buttocks, stretching the muscles in the front of your leg for 20 seconds. Repeat with your left leg. Sleep apnea, which affects 18 million Americans, is a disorder that causes people to stop breathing for up to 30 seconds at a time while they are asleep. These disruptions leave sufferers much less alert during their waking hours - so much so that they are 7 times as likely to get into a car accident as people without the disorder. Losing weight can significantly decrease the occurrences of the condition, but there are some specific things to keep in mind when you are trying to slim down for this reason. A. Make sure your diet incorporates foods that fit into your weight loss program and increase your general energy levels, B. like apples with peanut butter or carrots and hummus. Tossing and turning can often be a thing of the past with smart diet and exercise choices. However, if you have prolonged difficulty sleeping, please see your physician.More »
Last Modified: 2013-11-22 | Tags »
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Not getting a good night's sleep can really affect your productivity at work. Watch this video to learn about wacky ways to sleep in hopes of keeping your career wide awake.
Transcript: What do socks and salt have in common? They could both put you to sleep! Lack of sleep is a leading cause...
What do socks and salt have in common? They could both put you to sleep! Lack of sleep is a leading cause of lost workplace productivity. Protect your career with these not so obvious tips! First, increase blood flow to your feet by putting on a pair of thick socks. When you lie down to sleep, the body encourages rest by redistributing heat to its extremities. Insomniacs often experience poor blood flow, and, consequently, poor sleep. Wearing socks regulates your temperature for evening, persuading you to sleep deep. And if socks don't work, try salt! Drink half a glass of water, then put a pinch of salt on your tongue and let it dissolve. The combination actually alters the electrical charge of the brain to sleep mode.Now go to sleep already-just don't forget to set the alarm!More »
Last Modified: 2014-01-17 | Tags »
wearing socks, salt to sleep, poor circulation, bad blood flow insomnia, fatigue, tired, hypersomnia, alarm clock sleeping, dreaming, rem sleep, delta waves
Would you believe that preventing acne is almost always possible? Here, we'll explore acne prevention in detail, starting with stuff you already know about skin care (like the importance of washing your face) and ending with a few surprising tricks.
Transcript: Acne always seems to form at the worst times: like before a big date or a business presentation. Luckily,...
Acne always seems to form at the worst times: like before a big date or a business presentation. Luckily, there are some things you can do to prevent blemishes from affecting a big day. Acne is a skin condition caused by hormones which targets nearly all teenagers and more than half of adults. While it's impossible to avoid acne entirely-hormones will do what they do-there are ways to reduce your chances of breaking out. The most important thing you can do to prevent acne is to develop a cleansing ritual for use in the morning, at night, and after exercise. Using a mild soap, gently wash your face from under your jaw to your hairline. Rinse thoroughly. Talk to your dermatologist about which kind of cleanser to use. Astringents, rough scrub pads, and strong formulas all have the potential to dry out your skin, making your acne worse, instead of better. Be sure to cleanse your scalp daily as well. Plenty of people get acne along their hairline and on their scalp, and a gentle shampoo can help prevent the oil buildups that can lead to zits. As much as possible, avoid touching your face. Squeezing, popping and even grazing blemishes can spread the bacteria-laden contents, prolonging your breakout. And breaking that zit may lead to scarring. Nicking a blemish while shaving is tantamount to popping it: Your breakout can spread! To avoid this, clean the area to be shaved with soap and warm water, and then coat it with shaving cream. This makes shaving smoother, so you're less likely to irritate your acne. To keep acne at bay, women should look for makeup that is oil free. Scan the labels for the phrase "non-comedogenic," which means the product is less likely to induce a break-out. If you're determined to stick with your favorites, swap cream blushes and shadows for powdered or mineral ones, and go easy on the foundation. This will minimize skin irritation. Acne can also be brought on by environmental irritants, like high humidity, smog, cigarette smoke, and excess sunlight. All of these factors can bother your skin, increasing bacterial activity. But the worst of the environmental irritants is airborne grease, from, say, the fryers at a fast-food restaurant. That extra oil that lands on your face contributes to already clogged pores. While you may have to avoid the sun, the good news is that you can enjoy that chocolate bar! Studies have found that eating junk foods doesn't prompt breakouts. While that doesn't mean you should give up fruits and veggies, the occasional candy bar won't harm your skin. Because acne can result from the elevated hormones that come with stress, take a deep breath ... and relax. Meditate, take a break from work, do something to uplift your mood - and simultaneously reduce your chances of breaking out. Changing your daily behaviors can help prevent acne breakouts to some extent. Unfortunately though, most sufferers of the hormone-induced skin condition will still need help in the form of over-the-counter or prescription medications.More »
Last Modified: 2014-01-20 | Tags »
preventing acne, acne prevention, noncomedogenic, washing your face, face cleansing, acne treatments, getting rid of acne, acne cure zits, pimples, acne, nodular acne, cystic acne, adult acne, teen acne, comedones dermatologist, skincare, skin health, skin, epidermis, hormones
Sleep deprivation is all too common on your average campus, but does being sleep deprived really hurt you? Surprisingly, the answer is yes. Suffering from insomnia in college can lead to reduced concentration and impair your studying efforts.
Transcript: There's a reason that sleep deprivation is used as a form of torture-it's killer on your body. In fact,...
There's a reason that sleep deprivation is used as a form of torture-it's killer on your body. In fact, if you miss enough sleep, it can cause you to drive as erratically as someone who has a blood alcohol level of .08 or higher. In other words, missing too much sleep can impair you in much the same way that being intoxicated can. Multiple studies have documented the negative effects that lack of sleep has on brain function. Just one night of missed sleep can significantly dull the centers of your brain responsible for memory, concentration, and language... -meaning that your all night study session might have done more harm than good. And if you continually skimp on sleep, you may experience memory loss, a decreased desire for sex, and reduced tolerance for alcohol. In the end, you'll definitely gain more by catching some zzzs than you will by cramming all night. It's important to be mindful of the impact on all-nighter can have on your body and mind.More »
Last Modified: 2014-01-10 | Tags »
sleep, sleep deprivation, sleep deprived, insomnia, sleep deprivation, rest, can't sleep, focus, tired, memory, brain function, physical exhaustion, mental exhaustion, mental tiredness, physical tiredness, weakness, exhaustion concentration, studies, the brain, college students, trouble focusing, inability to focus, inability to concentrate, cramming, studying, assignments college health, mental health